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By Mike Walden
Mike is creator & CEO of Sportsinjuryclinic.net. A qualified Sports Injury Therapist with a degree in Physical Education, Sports Science and Physics, and a Postgraduate Certificate in Education.
Acute Elbow Injuries
Acute elbow injuries occur suddenly and include fractures, tendon ruptures, dislocations, and ligament sprains. Ligament sprains can occur suddenly, or may develop over time through repetitive throwing. Here we explain the causes of sudden onset, acute elbow pain.
An elbow fracture is a break in one of the bones which form the elbow joint. There are three bones which could be broken: the Humerus (upper arm bone), Ulna and Radius (two forearm bones). Acute elbow fracture injuries are caused by a fall or a hard impact, and especially because there can be further potential complications, medical assistance should be sought immediately.
Elbow dislocations are the second most common dislocations in adults, behind a dislocated shoulder. The elbow is a very stable joint and so it requires a lot of force to dislocate it. Thankfully full dislocations are rare acute elbow injuries, more likely to be caused in a motor accident or bad fall.
Elbow ligament sprains
A sprain is stretching, or tearing of a ligament. Ligaments join bone to bone and provide a high degree of stability to joints.
An elbow hyperextension injury occurs when the elbow is bent back the wrong way. This over-straightening causes damage to the ligaments and structures of the elbow. Like other acute elbow injuries, this often occurs in contact sports like rugby and causes instant pain. Ice, compression, and taping are some of the ways this injury can be treated.
Medial elbow ligament sprain
A medial collateral ligament injury is an acute sprain of the ligaments on the inside of the elbow.
A bruised elbow or elbow contusion is a common cause of acute elbow pain. It usually occurs as a result of a fall or impact to the elbow. The elbow will appear bruised and will be tender to touch. Rest, ice and compression can usually treat this elbow injury, but it should be monitored for signs of more serious damage.
Source: Acute Elbow Injuries - SportsInjuryClinic